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Baumé's Hydrometer

Degree Baumé converted to Specific Gravity

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The density of a liquid can be measured in degree Baumé.

Note that there are two scales:

  • one for liquids with densities heavier than water
  • one for liquids with densities lighter than water
Degree Baumé Specific Gravity - SG
Heavier than WaterLighter than Water
0 1.000
1 1.007
2 1.014
3 1.021
5 1.036
6 1.043
7 1.051
8 1.058
9 1.066
10 1.074 1.000
11 1.082 0.993
12 1.090 0.986
13 1.099 0.979
14 1.107 0.972
15 1.115 0.966
16 1.124 0.959
17 1.133 0.952
18 1.142 0.946
19 1.151 0.940
20 1.160 0.933
21 1.169 0.927
22 1.179 0.921
23 1.189 0.915
24 1.198 0.909
25 1.208 0.903
26 1.219 0.897
27 1.229 0.892
28 1.239 0.886
29 1.250 0.881
30 1.261 0.875
31 1.272 0.870
32 1.283 0.864
33 1.295 0.859
34 1.306 0.854
35 1.318 0.849
36 1.330 0.843
37 1.343 0.838
38 1.355 0.833
39 1.368 0.828
40 1.381 0.824
41 1.394 0.819
42 1.408 0.814
43 1.422 0.809
44 1.436 0.805
45 1.450 0.800
46 1.465 0.796
47 1.480 0.791
48 1.495 0.787
49 1.510 0.782
50 1.526 0.778
51 1.542 0.773
52 1.559 0.769
53 1.576 0.765
54 1.593 0.761
55 1.611 0.757
56 1.629 0.753
57 1.648 0.749
58 1.667 0.745
59 1.686 0.741
60 1.706 0.737
61 1.726 0.733
62 1.747 0.729
63 1.768 0.725
64 1.790 0.721
65 1.813 0.718
66 1.836 0.714
67 1.859 0.710
68 1.883 0.707
69 1.908 0.704
70 1.933 0.700
71 1.959 0.696
72 1.986 0.693
73 2.014 0.689
74 2.042 0.686
75 2.071 0.683
76 2.101 0.679
77 2.132 0.676
78 2.164 0.673
79 2.197 0.669
80 2.230 0.666

Alternative Hydrometer Scales

  • API gravity - used by the petroleum industry
  • Brix scale - used in sugar, fruit juice and wine making industry
  • Oechsle scale - used in brewing and to measure density of grape must
  • Plato scale - used in brewing
  • Twaddell scale - used in the bleaching and dyeing industry
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