1) Volatile matter - dry mineral matter free basis. In coal, those products, exclusive of moisture, given off as gas and vapor determined analytically.
Anthracite coal creates a steady and clean flame and is preferred for domestic heating. Furthermore it burn longer with more heat than the other types.
Boiler house topics, fuels like oil, gas, coal, wood - chimneys, safety valves, tanks - combustion efficiency.
Densities of solids, liquids and gases. Definitions and convertion calculators.
Heating systems - capacity and design of boilers, pipelines, heat exchangers, expansion systems and more.
Anthracite coal is available in a number of different grades.
An overview of ASTM Section 5 - Petroleum Products, Lubricants, and Fossil Fuels - Volume 05.06 Gaseous Fuels, Coal and Coke.
Environmental emission of carbon dioxide CO2 when combustion fuels like coal, oil, natural gas, LPG and bio energy.
Critical temperatures and concentration parameters for substances like coal, zinc, uranium and more.
Net (low) and gross (high) energy content in fossil and alternative fuels.
Higher and lower calorific values (heating values) for fuels like coke, oil, wood, hydrogen and others.
Autoignition points for fuels and chemicals like butane, coke, hydrogen, petroleum and more.
Stable and efficient combustion requires correct mixture of fuels and oxygen.
Volume not occupied by solid material.
Standard grades coal heat values.
Coal stokers classified on basis of coal burning capacities.
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