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Typical Floor Loads

Uniformly and concentrated floor loads

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Typical uniformly and concentrated floor loads are indicated below.

Type of ApplicationConcentrated Load
Uniformly Distributed Load
Bedroom, dwelling 1.8 1.5
Bedroom, hotel 1.8 2.0
Bathroom 1.8 2.0
Balcony, dwelling 1.4 1.5
Balcony, hotel or guest house 1.5 kN/m at outer edge 3.0
Communal area 1.4 1.5
Factory, general 4.5 5.0
Kitchen, communal 4.5 3.0
Laboratory 4.5 3.0
Laundry 4.5 3.0
Library 4.5 4.0
Office 2.7 2.5
WC 1.8 2.0
Warehouse, general storage 1.8 2.0
Work area, general 2.7 2.5
Workshop 4.5 5.0

How to Calculate Load in kN?

If you have the mass in kg - the load in kN can be calculated as

F = m g / 1000                 (1)


F = load (N)

m = mass (kg)

g = gravitational acceleration (9.81 m/s2)

Example - Calculate the Load from a 800 kg Pallet

The load from a pallet with mass 800 kg can be calculated as 

F = (800 kg) (9.81 m/s2) / 1000

  = 7.8 kN

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