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Exhaust Hoods

Sizing of exhaust hoods - air volume flow and capture velocities - online exhaust hood calculator.

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Exhaust hoods are essential in kitchens, laboratories and industrial application for removing

  • fumes
  • mists
  • vapors
  • aerosols
  • particulates
  • hazardous substances
  • polluting contaminants

before they "escapes" to from the surrounding air.

Exhaust Hoods

In general for an exhaust hood to be efficient

  • the height - y - should not exceed 1.20 m (4 ft)
  • the distance - x - should not be less than 1/3 y
  • the capture velocity - v1 - should not be less than 0.15 - 0.20 m/s (30 - 40 ft/min)

Note! Potential hazardous and polluting applications requires special solutions. Always check local regulations before design.

Capture velocity - v1 - for an exhaust hood can be estimated with the empirical equation

v1 = q / 2 y2 c                                     (1)


v1 = capturing velocity (m/s)

q = air volume flow (m3/s)

y = distance between table and exhaust hood (m)

c = circumference of the hood (m)

(1) can be modified to calculate air volume flow

q = 2 v1 y2 c                                    (1a)

Example - Kitchen Exhaust Hood

Required air volume flow for a exhaust hood with circumference 3 m located 1.2 m above a stove can be calculated  as

q = 2  (0.2 m/s) (1.2 m2)2 (3 m)

    = 1.7 m3/s

Note! The units don't match since the equation is empirical (a result of experiments).

Exhaust Hood Calculator

The air flow volume in the exhaust hood can be calculated below

capture velocity - v1 - (m/s)

vertical distance from table to hood - y - (m)

circumference exhaust hood - c - (m)

Exhaust Hood with internal Plate

The efficiency of an exhaust hood can be improved by adding an internal plate.

exhaust hood with internal plate

The required air volume for an exhaust hood with an internal plate can in general be reduced to approximately 80% compared to an exhaust hood without a plate.

Exhaust Hood with Side Walls

The exhaust hood efficiency can be further improved by adding side walls.

exhaust hood with side wall

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  • Engineering ToolBox, (2008). Exhaust Hoods. [online] Available at: [Accessed Day Mo. Year].

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