Humidifying Air with Steam - SI units

Use steam to humidify air

The amount of vapor in 100 m3 air volume is indicated below.

Vapor in Air (kg per 100 m3air)
Dry Bulb Temperature (oC)Relative Humidity (%)
100858075706560555045403530
32 3.39 2.89 2.72 2.55 2.38 2.19 2.04 1.93 1.7 1.53 1.36 1.19 1.02
31 3.22 2.73 2.57 2.41 2.25 2.1 1.93 1.77 1.61 1.45 1.29 1.13 0.97
30 3.05 2.59 2.44 2.29 2.13 1.97 1.83 1.67 1.52 1.37 1.22 1.07 0.91
29 2.89 2.45 2.31 2.17 2.02 1.88 1.73 1.59 1.45 1.3 1.16 1.01 0.87
28 2.73 2.32 2.19 2.05 1.91 1.78 1.64 1.5 1.37 1.23 1.1 0.96 0.82
27 2.59 2.2 2.07 1.94 1.81 1.68 1.55 1.42 1.29 1.16 1.03 0.91 0.78
26 2.45 2.08 1.96 1.83 1.71 1.59 1.47 1.34 1.22 1.1 0.97 0.86 0.73
25 2.31 1.97 1.85 1.73 1.62 1.5 1.39 1.27 1.16 1.04 0.93 0.81 0.69
24 2.19 1.86 1.75 1.64 1.53 1.42 1.31 1.2 1.09 0.98 0.87 0.77 0.66
23 2.06 1.76 1.63 1.55 1.45 1.34 1.24 1.14 1.03 0.93 0.83 0.72 0.62
22 1.95 1.66 1.56 1.46 1.36 1.27 1.17 1.07 0.98 0.88 0.78 0.68 0.59
21 1.84 1.56 1.47 1.38 1.29 1.2 1.1 1.02 0.92 0.83 0.74 0.67 0.55
20 1.74 1.48 1.39 1.3 1.22 1.13 1.04 0.98 0.87 0.78 0.69 0.61 0.52
19 1.63 1.39 1.31 1.23 1.15 1.06 0.98 0.9 0.82 0.74 0.65 0.57 0.49
18 1.54 1.31 1.24 1.16 1.08 1 0.93 0.85 0.77 0.69 0.62 0.54 0.46
17 1.45 1.24 1.16 1.09 1.02 0.94 0.87 0.8 0.73 0.65 0.59 0.51 0.44
15 1.29 1.1 1.03 0.97 0.9 0.84 0.77 0.71 0.66 0.58 0.52 0.45 0.39
10 0.94 0.8 0.76 0.71 0.66 0.61 0.57 0.52 0.47 0.43 0.38 0.33 0.28
0 0.49 0.41 0.39 0.37 0.34 0.32 0.29 0.27 0.24 0.22 0.2 0.17 0.15
-5 0.33 0.28 0.26 0.25 0.23 0.21 0.2 0.18 0.16 0.15 0.13 0.11 0.1
-10 0.22 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.15 0.14 0.13 0.12 0.11 0.1 0.09 0.08 0.06

Note! In a psychrometric chart or in a Mollier diagram the amount of vapor humidity ratio - x - is indicated in kg/kgdry air (kg vapor per kg dry air).  The values above can be transformed to kg/kgdry air by dividing the values with the air density at the actual temperature.

Example - Humidifying Air with Steam

Air at 20oC and 30% relative humidity are humidified to 20oC and 80% relative humidity.

From the table above it can be estimated that air at 20oC and 30% relative humidity contains 0.52 kg water vapor per 100 m3 air volume. Air at 20oC and 80% relative humidity contains 1.39 kg per 100 m3 air volume.

The amount of water vapor required per 100 m3 air volume can be calculated like

Amount of Water Vapor = (1.39 kg/100 m3 air volume) - (0.52 kg/100 m3 air volume)

= 0.87 (kg/100 m3 air volume)

Related Topics

  • Air Conditioning - Air Conditioning systems - heating, cooling and dehumidification of indoor air for thermal comfort
  • Steam and Condensate - Steam & condensate systems- properties, capacities, pipe sizing, systems configuration and more
  • HVAC Systems - Heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems - design and dimensions
  • Air Psychrometrics - The study of moist and humid air - psychrometric charts, Mollier diagrams, air-condition temperatures and absolute and relative humidity and moisture content
  • Steam Thermodynamics - Thermodynamics of steam and condensate applications

Related Documents

Matched Content

Tag Search

Search the Engineering ToolBox

- "Search is the most efficient way to navigate the Engineering ToolBox!"

Engineering ToolBox - SketchUp Extension - Online 3D modeling!

3D Engineering ToolBox Extension to SketchUp - add parametric components to your SketchUp model

Add standard and customized parametric components - like flange beams, lumbers, piping, stairs and more - to your SketchUp model with the Engineering ToolBox - SketchUp Extension/Plugin - enabled for use with the amazing, fun and free SketchUp Make and SketchUp Pro . Add the Engineering ToolBox extension to your SketchUp from the Sketchup Extension Warehouse!

Translate the Engineering ToolBox!
About the Engineering ToolBox!

close