Speed of Sound in some common Liquids

Velocity of sound in common fluids as water, glycerol, kerosene ...

Speed of sound in normal air is 343 m/s. The velocity of sound in some common liquids are indicated in the table below.

LiquidSound Velocity 1)
(m/s)
Acetic acid (19.6oC) 1173
Acetone (25oC) 1170
Alcohol, ethyl (ethanol) (25oC) 1144
Alcohol, methyl (25oC) 1103
Alcohol, propyl 1205
Aniline (25oC) 1640
Argon (-243oC) 840
Benzene (25oC) 1298
Bismuth (280oC) 1651
Caesium (40oC) 980
Carbon disulfide (25oC) 1242
Carbon tetrachloride (25oC) 926
Castor oil 1474
Chloroform (25oC) 984
Chlorobenzene (25oC) 1270
Cyclohexane (20oC) 1280
Cyclohexanol (25oC) 1465
Ether 985
Ethylene glycol (25oC) 1660
Glycerol (glycerine) (25oC) 1920
Helium (-269oC) 180
Heptane 1138
Hexane 1203
n-Hexanol (25oC) 1303
Hydrogen (-255oC) 1246
Indium (160oC) 2313
Kerosene 1324
Lead (340oC) 1766
Mercury (25oC) 1450
Methane (-170oC) 1420
Napthalene (100oC) 1248
Neon (-243oC) 540
Nitrogen (-202oC) 1056
Octane 1171
Oil (castor) (25oC) 1490
Oil (lubricating) (25oC) 1461
Oxygen (-202oC) 1056
Potassium (80oC) 1869
n-Pentanol (25oC) 1277
Phenol 1274
n-Propanol (25oC) 1207
Pyridine (25oC) 1417
Rubidium (50oC) 1247
Sodium (110oC) 2520
Tin (240oC) 2471
Toluene (25oC) 1306
Turpentine 1240
Water 1493
Water, 0oC 1402
Water, 20oC 1482
Water, sea with 3.5% salinity 1533
Water, sea with 3.5% salinity, 20oC 1522
Zinc (450oC) 2780

1) Based on temperature 25oC.

  • 1 m/s = 3.6 km/h = 196.85 ft/min = 3.28 ft/s = 2.237 mph

Velocity of Sound in Sea Water

Temperature (°C) 0 5 10 15 20 25 30
Velocity (m/s) 1449 1471 1490 1507 1522 1534 1546

Related Topics

  • Acoustics - Room acoustics, acoustic properties - decibel A, B and C - Noise Rating (NR) curves, sound transmission, sound pressure, sound intensity, attenuation and more

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