Area per Person

Common area per person in buildings - values can in general be used calculating indoor climate loads

The table below can be used as a guide to what is often regarded as required area (square meter or square feet) per person inside some typical buildings and rooms. The values can also be used to calculate human sensible and latent heat load to indoor climate.

Type of BuildingType of RoomArea per Person
(m2)(ft2)
Apartments 100 - 400
Assembly building Lecture room 0.6
Library 5
Cinema 0.6
Concert hall 0.6
Theatre 0.6
Banks 50 - 150
Bars 15 - 50
Cafeterias 10 - 50
Churches 5 - 20
Clubhouses 15 - 50
Cocktail Lounges 15 - 50
Computer Rooms 80 - 150
Court Houses 50 - 150
Dental Centers Clinic and Offices 50 - 150
Department Stores 15 - 75
Dining Halls 10 - 50
Drug Store 15 - 50
Fire Stations 100 - 500
Hotels Rooms 5
Lobby 0.6
Assembly room 1.5
Hospitals General Areas 50 - 150
Patient Rooms 80 - 150
Kindergarten 2 - 3
Kitchens 50 - 150
Libraries 30 - 100
Luncheonettes 10 - 50
Lunch Rooms 10 - 50
Malls 50 - 100
Medical Centers Clinic and Offices 50 - 150
Motels Public Spaces 100 - 200
Guest Rooms, Dormitories 100 - 200
Municipal Buildings 50 - 150
Museums 30 - 100
Nightclubs 15 - 50
Nursing Home Patient Rooms 80 - 150
Offices Single office 10
Meeting room 1.5
Police Stations 100 - 500
Post Offices 100 - 500
Precision Manufacturing 100 - 300
Residential 200 - 600
Restaurant With service 1.5
Without service 1
Retail Stores 15 - 75
Schools Lecture rooms 0.6
Class rooms 2
Corridors 2
Laboratory 3
Shops Retail 2
Supermarkets 2
Sports Gymnasium 1.5
Swimming pools 4
Supermarkets 50 - 100
Taverns 15 - 50
Town Halls 50 - 150
  • 1 m2 = 1550 in2 = 10.764 ft2 = 1.196 yd2
  • 1 ft2 = 0.0929 m2 = 144 in2 = 0.1111 yd2

Be aware of local restrictions and minimums limits. They may diverge considerably from the numbers above.

Related Topics

  • Physiology - Human physiology, air quality and comfort temperatures, activity and metabolic rates, health effects of carbon monoxide and more
  • Ventilation - Systems for ventilation and air handling - air change rates, ducts and pressure drops, charts and diagrams and more

Related Documents

  • Human need of Air - Man need fresh air for respiration and for transport of heat and vapor emitted from the human body
  • Persons and Metabolic Heat Gain - Metabolic heat gain from occupants in air conditioned spaces at different degrees of activities - in Watts

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