A measure of the maximum amount of a solute that can be dissolved in a solvent
Solubility is a measure of the maximum amount of a solute that can be dissolved in 0.1 kg of a solvent at a given temperature.
- solubility is dependent on temperature. In general, but not without expectations, solubility increases with temperature
- smaller particles dissolves faster than larger particles
- a solid dissolves faster if the mixture is stirred or shaken
- tea with sugar - a solution of sugar and hot water (tea)
- seawater - a solution of salt and water
If 56 gram salt is dissolved in 0.8 kg water, then (56/0.8)*0.1 = 7 gram is dissolved in 0.1 kg water.
0.1 kg water = 100 g water. The percentage solubility can be calculated as
(7 g/100g)* 100% = 7 %