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# Air Change Rate

## Calculate air change rates - equations in imperial and SI units.

### Air Change Rate - Imperial Units

Air change rate - air changes per hour - expressed in imperial Units

n = 60 q / V                                  (1)

where

n = air changes per hour (1/h)

q = fresh air (make up air) flow through the room (Cubic Feet per Minute,  cfm)

V = volume of the room (Cubic Feet)

### Air Change Rate - SI Units

Air change rate expressed in SI-units

n = 3600 q / V                             (2)

where

n = air changes per hour

q = fresh air (make up air) flow through the room (m3/s)

V = volume of the room (m3)

### Example - Air Change Rate SI Units

With an air flow of 3 m3/s in a 20000 m3 room the air change rate can be calculated as

n = 3600 (3 m3/s) / (20000 m3)

= 0.54 (h-1)

### Typical Air Changes per Hour

Typical air changes per hour for well-insulated spaces:

• no windows or exterior doors - 0.33 (1/h)
• windows or exterior doors on one side - 0.67 (1/h)
• windows or exterior doors on two sides - 1 (1/h)
• window or exterior doors on three sides - 1.33 (1/h)

## Related Topics

• ### Ventilation

Systems for ventilation and air handling - air change rates, ducts and pressure drops, charts and diagrams and more.

## Related Documents

• ### Air Change Rates in typical Rooms and Buildings

Fresh air (make up air) rquirements - or recommended air change rates (ACH) for typical rooms and buildings like auditoriums, kitchens, churches and more.
• ### Garage Ventilation

Exhaust ventilation from garages and workshops.
• ### Outdoor Supply Air Rates

Recommended supply air rates of outdoor air - with or without smoking - in rooms like banks, assembly halls, hotels and many more.

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## Citation

• The Engineering ToolBox (2005). Air Change Rate. [online] Available at: https://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/air-change-rate-d_882.html [Accessed Day Month Year].

Modify the access date according your visit.

12.8.9