Vacuum and Flow Measurement

Measuring volume flow in vacuum

For standard or normal pressure it is common to measure flow in

  • standard cubic feet minute - scfm - imperial units
  • normal metric liter per second - nl/s - metric units

At vacuum the air or gas is expanded and it is common to use

  • actual cubic feet minute - acfm - imperial units
  • actual metric liter per second - al/s - metric units

Since the gas is expanded, actual flow is greater than standard flow for the same gas flow.

The flow volume can be converted from standard volume flow to actual volume flow by the expression:

qa = qs (29.92 / p) ((t + 460) / 520)         (1)

where

qa = actual volume flow (acfm)

qs = standard volume flow (scfm)

p = actual pressure (in Hg)

t = temperature (oF)

Conversion Factor from scfm to acfm (or nl/s to al/s)
Pressure Temperature (oF)
in Hg absolute in Hg gauge kPa absolute 0 30 60 90 120 150
29.92 0.00 101.42 0.88 0.94 1.00 1.06 1.12 1.17
28.92 1.00 98.03 0.92 0.97 1.03 1.09 1.15 1.21
27.92 2.00 94.64 0.95 1.01 1.07 1.13 1.20 1.26
26.92 3.00 91.25 0.98 1.05 1.11 1.18 1.24 1.30
25.92 4.00 87.86 1.02 1.09 1.15 1.22 1.29 1.35
24.92 5.00 84.47 1.06 1.13 1.20 1.27 1.34 1.41
23.92 6.00 81.08 1.11 1.18 1.25 1.32 1.40 1.47
22.92 7.00 77.69 1.15 1.23 1.31 1.38 1.46 1.53
21.92 8.00 74.31 1.21 1.29 1.36 1.44 1.52 1.60
20.92 9.00 70.92 1.27 1.35 1.43 1.51 1.60 1.68
19.92 10.00 67.53 1.33 1.42 1.50 1.59 1.68 1.76
18.92 11.00 64.14 1.40 1.49 1.58 1.67 1.76 1.86
17.92 12.00 60.75 1.48 1.57 1.67 1.77 1.86 1.96
16.92 13.00 57.36 1.56 1.67 1.77 1.87 1.97 2.07
15.92 14.00 53.97 1.66 1.77 1.88 1.99 2.10 2.20
14.92 15.00 50.58 1.77 1.89 2.01 2.12 2.24 2.35
13.92 16.00 47.19 1.90 2.03 2.15 2.27 2.40 2.52
12.92 17.00 43.80 2.05 2.18 2.32 2.45 2.58 2.72
11.92 18.00 40.41 2.22 2.37 2.51 2.65 2.80 2.94
10.92 19.00 37.02 2.42 2.58 2.74 2.90 3.06 3.21
9.92 20.00 33.63 2.67 2.84 3.02 3.19 3.36 3.54
8.92 21.00 30.24 2.97 3.16 3.35 3.55 3.74 3.93
7.92 22.00 26.85 3.34 3.56 3.78 4.00 4.21 4.43
6.92 23.00 23.46 3.82 4.07 4.32 4.57 4.82 5.07
5.92 24.00 20.07 4.47 4.76 5.05 5.35 5.64 5.93
4.92 25.00 16.68 5.38 5.73 6.08 6.43 6.78 7.13
3.92 26.00 13.29 6.75 7.19 7.63 8.07 8.51 8.95
2.92 27.00 9.90 9.06 9.66 10.25 10.84 11.43 12.02
1.92 28.00 6.51 13.79 14.68 15.58 16.48 17.38 18.28
0.92 29.00 3.12 28.77 30.65 32.52 34.40 36.27 38.15
0.82 29.10 2.78 32.28 34.38 36.49 38.59 40.70 42.80
0.72 29.20 2.44 36.76 39.16 41.56 43.95 46.35 48.75
0.62 29.30 2.10 42.69 45.47 48.26 51.04 53.83 56.61
0.52 29.40 1.76 50.90 54.22 57.54 60.86 64.18 67.50
0.42 29.50 1.42 63.02 67.13 71.24 75.35 79.46 83.57
0.32 29.60 1.08 82.71 88.11 93.50 98.89 104.29 109.68
0.22 29.70 0.75 120.31 128.15 136.00 143.85 151.69 159.54
0.12 29.80 0.41 220.56 234.95 249.33 263.72 278.10 292.49

Related Topics

  • Gas and Compressed Air - Gas properties, capacities of pipelines, sizing of relief valves - air, LNG, LPG and more

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