Steam Pipe Pressure drop Calculator

Calculate pressure drop in steam distribution pipe lines

The pressure drop in saturated steam distribution pipes can be calculated in metric units as

dp = 0.6753 106 q2 l (1 + 91.4/d) / ρ d5         (1)

where

dp = pressure drop (Pa)

q = steam flow rate (kg/h)

l = length of pipe (m)

d = pipe inside diameter (mm)

ρ = steam density (kg/m3)

The Unwin formula can also be expressed in imperial units as

dp = 0.0001306 q2 l (1 + 3.6/d) / (3600 ρ d5)         (2)

where

dp = pressure drop (psi)

q = steam flow rate (lb/hr)

l = length of pipe (ft)

d = pipe inside diameter (inches)

ρ = steam density (lb/ft3)

Use values for the specific volume corresponding to the average pressure if the pressure drop exceeds 10 - 15 % of the initial absolute pressure.

Note that at elevated velocities, the Unwin's formula gives pressure drops known to be higher than actual.

Example - Pressure Drop in Steam Pipe

Steam, 4000 kg/h at 10 bar (1000 kPa) pressure with density 5.15 kg/m3 flows through a schedule 40, ND 100 steel pipe, inside diameter 102 mm and length 100 m. The pressure drop can be calculated as

dp = 0.6753 106  (4000 kg/h)2  (100 m) (1 + 91.4/(102 mm)) / ((5.15 kg/m3)  (102 mm)5 )

    = 36030 Pa

    = 36 kPa

Steam Pressure Drop Calculator - Metric Units

Steam flow rate - q (kg/h)

Length of pipe - l (m)

Pipe inside diameter - d (mm)

Steam density (kg/m3)

Steam Pressure Drop Calculator - Imperial Units

Steam flow rate - q (lb/h)

Length of pipe - l (ft)

Pipe inside diameter - d (in)

Steam density (lb/ft3)

Pressure Drop Diagrams - metric units

The diagrams below can be used to indicate pressure drop in steam pipes at different pressures. The calculations are made for schedule 40 pipe.

  • 1 bar = 100 kPa = 10,197 kp/m2 = 10.20 m H2O = 0.9869 atm = 14.50 psi (lbf/in2)
  • 1 kg/h = 2.778x10-4 kg/s = 3.67x10-2 lb/min

Steam - pressure 1 bar gauge

steam pipe pressure drop - 1 bar

Steam - pressure 3 bar gauge

steam pipe pressure drop - 3 bar

Steam - pressure 7 bar gauge

steam pipe pressure drop - 7 bar

Steam - pressure 10 bar gauge

steam pipe pressure drop - 10 bar

Related Topics

  • Steam and Condensate - Steam & condensate properties - capacities, pipe sizing, systems configuration and more
  • Pipe Sizing - Sizing steam and condensate pipes - pressure loss, recommended velocity, capacity and more

Related Documents

Key Words

  • en: steam pipe pressure drop calculation
  • es: calcular la caída de presión en la tubería de vapor
  • de: Dampfrohr Druckverlustrechnung

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