Predicted Mean Vote Index (PMV)

The PMV index predicts the mean response of a larger group of people

The PMV index predicts the mean response of a larger group of people according to the ASHRAE thermal sensation scale where

+3 hot

+2 warm

+1 slightly warm

0 neutral

-1 slightly cool

-2 cool

-3 cold

The PMV index is expressed by P.O. Fanger as

PMV = (0.303 e-0.036M + 0.028) L   (1)

where

PMV = Predicted Mean Vote Index

M = metabolic rate

L = thermal load - defined as the difference between the internal heat production and the heat loss to the actual environment  - for a person at comfort skin temperature and evaporative heat loss by sweating at the actual activity level

PPD - Predicted Percentage Dissatisfied Index

Predicted Percentage Dissatisfied - PPD - index is a quantitative measure of the thermal comfort of a group of people at a particular thermal environment.

Predicted Percentage Dissatisfied (PPD)

Note! - at least aprox. 5% of people in a group will be dissatisfied with the thermal climate - even with PMV = 0.

Related Topics

  • Physiology - Human physiology, air quality and comfort temperatures, activity and metabolic rates, health effects of carbon monoxide and more

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