Single stage and double stage fuel oil pumps and their suction capacities
The limitation of a fuel oil pump feeding a burner may often be the suction side. With higher suction lift the "vacuum" in the suction line will evaporate the light fractions of the fuel oil - and the pump starts to choke.
In general there are two types of fuel feeding pumps
- single stage pumps
- double stage pumps
A single stage pump consist of only one set of pumping gears and the lift capacity is limited compared to the two stage fuel pump with double set of pumping gears.
- a single-stage pump is suited for low-level lifts up to 5 - 10 inches of vacuum
- a two-stage pump is suited for medium-level lifts up to 10 - 15 inches of vacuum
Higher "vacuum" levels requires use of separate lifting pumps and dedicated feeding reservoirs to the fuel pumps.
The total "vacuum" in a fuel oil suction line can roughly be estimated to
- 1 inch of vacuum for each foot of lift
- 1 inch of vacuum for each 90o elbow
- 1 inch for each 10 feet of 3/8 inch horizontal suction pipe
- 1 inch for each 20 feet of 3/8 inch horizontal suction pipe